The Swaziland Parliament derives its mandate and functions from the 2005 Swaziland Constitution. Parliament is the primary legislative organ of the Kingdom of Swaziland and its main function is to make laws on any matter for the peace, order and development and good governance of Swaziland and to protect the constitution, which is the supreme law of the country. In formal terms, the Parliament of Swaziland consists of the Senate and the House of Assembly. The two chambers sit separately, but generally, all Bills must be passed by both chambers and receive the Royal Assent. No legislation can come into being without the Royal assent, and (most) Bills must be passed by both chambers of Parliament

VISION

To affirm the authority and sovereignty of Parliament and to ensure timeous and effective fulfillment of its mandate.

MISSION STATEMENT

The mission and purpose of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Swaziland is to initiate, consider, enact legislation and monitor its implementation in the interest and welfare of the King and the people of Swaziland.

OBJECTIVES

  • To pass laws or legislation.
  • Scrutinize and oversee Executive action( keep oversight of the Executive and organs of State)
  • Facilitate public participation and involvement in the legislative and other processes.
  • To participate in, promote and oversee co-operative government.

MEETING AND DURATION OF PARLIAMENT

The term of Parliament is five years from the date of its sitting after a general election. The King has power to summon Parliament at any time during the emergency

COMPOSITION OF PARLIAMENT

The Parliament of Swaziland is Bicameral; it consists of The Senate and the House of Assembly.

THE SENATE

The Senate consists of Thirty Members (called Senators). The House of Assembly elects ten Senators (by majority vote) and the King appoints the remaining twenty. Appointed Senators include chiefs, Princes and Princesses (Bantfwabenkhosi) and special interests.

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY

The House of Assembly consists of Sixty-six members. Fifty-five are directly elected from the fifty-five Tinkhundla Centers, ten members appointed by the King, the Speaker was elected from outside by the House of Assembly and the Attorney General who is an ex-officio member. The King appoints the nominated members of the House of Assembly after consultation with such bodies as he considers appropriate and taking into consideration any special interest not already adequately represented in the House.

OFFICE BEARERS

President

When the Senate first meets after any general election, and before it proceeds to dispatch any other business, it elects, from within the Senate or outside the Senate, a person to be the President of the Senate in accordance with the Standing Orders.

Deputy President

The Deputy President is elected from Senators at the first meeting of the Senate after the general election or whenever such office has become vacant, in accordance with the Standing Orders.

The Speaker

When the Speaker first meets after any general election, and before it proceeds to dispatch any other business, it elects, from within the Members or outside the House of Assembly, a person to be the Speaker of the House of Assembly in accordance with the Standing Orders.

The Deputy Speaker

The Deputy Speaker is elected from Members of the House of Assembly at the first meeting of the House of Assembly after the general election or whenever such office has become vacant, in accordance with the Standing Orders.

Names of Office bearers

President: Sen. Gelane Zwane

Deputy President: Sen. Mpendulo Ngomyayona Gamedze

Speaker: HRH Prince Guduza

Deputy Speaker: Hon. Esther Dlamini

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