Government's responsibility in the Agricultural sector lies primarily within the Ministry of Agriculture. The obligation of the Ministry of Agriculture is to ensure household food security and increased sustainable agricultural productivity through dlversification and enhancement of commercial agricultural activities. The Ministry is also responsible for the development and promotion of appropriate technologies and efficient extension services while ensuring stakeholder participation and sustainable development and management of natural resources in the country.
The agriculture sector plays a significant role in the country's development and is undeniably one of the leading sectors with regard to the extent to its contribution to the economy's GDP. There is, therefore, no doubt that agriculture constitutes a major force in the determination of the country's medium to long term growth prospects.
The country is divided into four agro-ecological zones, which run longitudinally North to South. Located west to east is the Highveld, the Middleveld which is further divided into wet and dry Middleveld due to the amount of precipitation received by the sub-zones: then there is the Lowveld and Lubombo Plateau to the extreme east of the country.