Responsible for promoting rational land use and the development of agricultural land and water resources, particularly on Swazi Nation Land (SNL).The department is composed of the following sections: Land Development, Land Use Planning and Irrigation Development.
The major responsibilities of the Department are as follows:
Carry out soil surveys in order to come up with soil maps and accompanying reports that characterize the various soil types occurring in the survey area;
Produce Land Capability Maps in order to show different categories of Land Capability classes from prime arable land through marginal to non-arable land;
Develop land use plans covering resettlement plans, crops and forestry land suitability plans.
Determine irrigation potential of areas.
Carryout engineering designs for farm roads, small earth dams and diversion weirs for small-scale irrigation development.
Promote Soil Conservation practices on both arable land and rangelands to ensure sustainability in land utilization.
Rehabilitation of degraded lands.
Construction, maintenance and rehabilitation of rural infrastructure such as feeder roads, low level bridges, water diversion structures and canals for irrigation.
Construction and rehabilitation of earth dams and their downstream development
The Land Use Planning and Development section provides the following services: