Saturday December 16, 2017

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 BACKGROUND OF SADC

SADC is a regional grouping currently with fifteen member states and it was established through a Declaration and Treaty signed at a Summit of Heads of State and Government in Windhoek, Namibia in August, 1992. The Windhoek declaration follows the Lusaka Declaration of 1980 adopted as “Southern Africa: Towards Economic Liberation” and  formed as a loose alliance of nine independent states in Southern Africa known as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC). The aim of SADCC then was coordinating development projects in order to lessen economic dependence on the then apartheid South Africa. The founding member states are Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. In 1992, following political and economic transformations that had taken place both in the region and in the international arena, Member States decided to transform SADCC into SADC in August, 1992 in Windhoek, Namibia via a Treaty to give SADC a legal character. SADC was formed to be a more binding arrangement, equipped with both regional cooperation and integration programmes and adequate institutional and legal frameworks which would allow the region to consistently deepen integration, accelerate economic growth and achieve sustainable economic development. The member states are Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The SADC Headquarters is in Gaborone, Botswana.

SADC VISION

 “a common future, a future within a regional community that will ensure economic well  being, improvement of the standards of living and quality of life, freedom and social justice,    peace and security for the peoples of Southern Africa.”

The shared vision is anchored on the common values and principles and the historical and cultural affinities that exist between the peoples of Southern Africa.

  SADC MISSION;

 “to promote sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic  development through efficient productive systems, deeper cooperation and integration,     good governance and durable peace and security so that the region emerges as a competitive and effective player in the international economy.”

 The Declaration and Treaty signed by Heads of State and Government in August, 1992 in Windhoek, Namibia in Article 5 states in detail the objectives of SADC to:

  •  Achieve development and economic growth, alleviate poverty, enhance the standard and quality of life of the people of Southern Africa and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration
  • Evolve common political values
  • Promote and defend peace and security
  • Promote self-sustaining development on the basis of collective self-reliance and interdependence of member States
  • Achieve complementarities between national and regional strategies and programmes
  • Promote and maximise productive employment and utilisation of resources in the region
  • Achieve sustainable utilisation of natural resources and effective protection of the environment
  • Strengthen and consolidate the long standing historical, social and cultural affinities and links among the people of the Region

The ultimate objective of SADC as a Community is therefore to build a region in which there will be a high degree of harmonization and rationalization to enable pooling of resources to achieve collective self reliance in order to improve the living standards of the people of the region. The principles include sovereign equality of member states, human rights, democracy and the rule of law, equity, balance and mutual benefit. 

The major challenge of SADC is therefore to build a community of politically stable and economically strong nations that will be able to successfully compete in the global market. The goal is to move towards a deeper regional cooperation beyond mere coordination of development programmes and projects of member states to integrating the economies and communities of member states into a single community.


COMMEMORATING OF THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF SADC


SADC has been in existence since 31 years ago in 1980 in Lusaka, Zambia following the Lusaka Declaration, The Southern African Development Community (SADC) started as Frontline States with the objective of political liberation of Southern Africa.  It was preceded by Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference (SADCC).  The formation of SADCC was the culmination of a long process of consultations by the leaders of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia, working together as Frontline States.  In May 1979 consultations were held between Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Ministers responsible for Economic Development in Gaborone, Botswana.  Subsequently a meeting was held in Arusha, Tanzania in July 1979 which led to the establishment of SADCC in 1980 in Lusaka, Zambia with the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration.

The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) was formed on 17th August 1992 in Windhoek, Namibia by the Treaty which effectively transformed the Organization from the Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) into a Community.  The objective shifted to include economic integration following the independence of the rest of the Member States in Southern Africa.  SADCC was established in Lusaka, Zambia on 1st April 1980 with the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration; Southern Africa: Towards Economic Liberation.

To this end, commemorated some activities between 1st April 2010 and 17th August 2010 for the 30 years of the rorganisation’s existence.  The activitiesl focused on the Organization’ major programmes, achievements and challenges over this period and its vision for the future.  The events targeted at increasing stakeholder awareness of SADC, boost the visibility and image of the organization.  The event  further showcased the benefits SADC has brought to the region to arouse interest in the organization, especially among the youths and other key stakeholders outside government structures.

The Commemorative Activities included the following;
(a) A visual walk down SADC memory lane
(b) A high quality photographic book and exhibition.
The contents of both the publication and exhibition depicting going down memory lane of SADC history to-date including the displaying of significant historical documents such as the original Declaration in the signature of the founders, photos of outstanding regional well executed SADC projects/programmes, SADC office bearers from Heads of State and Governments, Ministerial to Senior official level.

The exhibition was mounted at SADC Headquarters and at the National Museums in Gaborone and Windhoek running from April to August 2010 when the grand commemoration took place. Both the exhibition and photographic book are in electronic form and posted on the 30th Anniversary website as well as onto CD-rom for ease of distribution and access.

Sir Seretse Khama SADC Medal
This Award was established by Summit on 9th August 1985 in Arusha, the United Republic of Tanzania, to be awarded in honour of those who shall be considered to have made outstanding contribution towards the achievement of the ideals and goals of SADC as well as in other endeavors deemed to have promoted the welfare and unity of the peoples of Southern Africa.

At 31 years, SADC has recorded tremendous achievements worth celebrating, and will honour those who have contributed to these achievements.  The Medal has thus far been awarded to the following former SADC Heads of State and Government:
H.E. Julius Nyerere in 1985
H.E. Samora machel in 1987
H.E. Agostinho Neto in 1995
H.E. Sir Ketumile Masire in 1998
H.E. Nelson R. Mandela in 2000
The Medal should now be conferred because it was last bestowed in 2000.  However, over the past 10 years, there has been outstanding work towards the attainment of SADC goals.

The criteria was broadened to include ordinary SADC citizens, because the part recipients make it seem that it was mainly for Heads of State and Government, yet, it is logic to believe that there are many ordinary citizens (men and women) doing extraordinary exploits for the Region. It should be noted that within 2010, SADC had already planned the following major events to be part of the activities of commemorating the 30th Anniversary. Inauguration of the new SADC Headquarters in Gaborone. Chairperson’s Visit to SADC Headquarters, Gaborone.  FIFA 2010 Soccer World Cup and the “SADC 2010” – Investment Promotion Programme. SADC Summit – which will take place in August in Windhoek, Namibia

REGIONAL PROGRAMMES APPROACH

SADC adopted the development of integration approach to regional integration. This is a broad and development oriented integration model that underscores the need for taking deliberate steps or actions to identify constraints to integration, devise strategies for addressing the economic and trade imbalances  and incompatibilities as well as determining the range and areas of cooperation. At the core of this approach is promotion of investment, production and the creation of a unified regional market through active trade and market integration.

Regional programmes and projects require a regional approach to sector planning, if they are to yield maximum results and this requires strong sector policy coordination. The policies and plans of SADC Member States in all the areas of cooperation above are critical for the integration process. This process of integration also creates arrangements to promote the harmonization of sector policies and plans. Macro-economic policies for instance, need to be harminised if the integration process is to succeed and this calls for an urgent need to harmonise the macro-economic, fiscal and monetary policies particularly to establish a strong relationship among the region’s currencies. The Treaty envisaged that the Community’s integration approach to be premised on a combination of market integration and areas of development cooperation whose ultimate objective is poverty eradication and achievement of sustainable economic development.

In its efforts to build the SADC Community, SADC had twelve years of experience in regional cooperation to draw from since 1980 to 1992 when it was transformed from the SADCC to SADC. During the twelve years, the SADCC had its successes and failures, and important lessons were learnt. The successes can not go unnoticed and the regional solidarity and identity that have been engendered and successful implementation of major projects in food and agriculture, energy, transport and communications are some of the significant achievements from which Swaziland benefited.


SADC PROTOCOLS DEVELOPMENT

To achieve all the SADC objectives, the leaders realized that as an organization, they require a higher level of cooperation to enable the member states to address problems of national development and cope with the challenges posed by a changing and increasingly complex, regional and global environment more effectively. They noted that the region could reap significant benefits from increased inter and intra regional trade and cross border investment. More importantly, the restructuring of productive sectors as a basis for self sustaining development and growth and to respond effectively to changes in the world economy would be more feasible on a regional than a national basis. The member states needed to collectively overcome the sharp disparities in the performance of the various economies, and this is the only viable basis for fulfilling in the long term, the principles of balance, equity and mutual benefit for the peoples of the region. This also forms the foundation for regional integration in Southern Africa.

 According to Article 22 (1) which states that “member states of SADC shall conclude Protocols as may be necessary in each area of cooperation, which shall spell out the objectives and scope of and institutional mechanisms for cooperation and integration.”
These SADC Protocols are to be negotiated by member states and after approval by the member states and after approval by the Summit, become an integral part of the Treaty.

 Article 21 (3) of the Treaty identifies the following areas in which cooperation towards integration would be pursued:
Food Security, Land and Agriculture
Infrastructure and Services
Industry, Trade, Investment and Finance
Human Resources Development, Science and Technology
Natural Resources and Environment
Social Welfare, Information and Culture
Politics, International Relations, Defence, Peace and Security 
Other areas of cooperation are permitted under this article.

The SADC REGIONAL INDICATIVE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) was approved in 2003 by SADC Heads of State and Government with the purpose of guiding the process of deepening regional integration. The RISDP is implemented in such a manner as to provide the SADC member states with an integrated and prioritized set of interventions, policies and programmes for creating a SADC Common Market. The RISDP and the various SADC Sector Protocols are official documents that serve to provide SADC Member States with a strategic direction and guide with respect to SADC programmes and activities. These instruments also help align the strategic objectives and priorities of SADC with policies and strategies for achieving SADC long term goals. In short, the RISDP provides an indicative framework to guide SADC Member states in the achievement of the SADC objectives over a 15 year period from 2003 when it was officially adopted. The RISDP sets out specific targets in each of the 21 Sectors across the region to achieve these objectives which include a range of economic integration targets. 

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RISDP

Sector performance in the implementation of the SADC Programme and Projects in the RISDP is slow and in some sectors the programmes are not aligned to the focus areas and strategies set in the RISDP. Alignment of the SADC programme with the national programme ones is important to ensure that the scarce resources are efficiently utilised. Stakeholder in the private sector, civil society and communities’ involvement and consultations is also critical in implementation of these sector programmes and this requires that Government ministries and departments that lead policy and strategy to involve the stakeholders in the planning and implementation processes of both regional and national programmes. 

NATIONAL TECHNICAL COMMITTEES

These Committees have been re-established by the SADC National Contact Point (NCP) for some sectors during the course of 2010 to plan and push the implementation of the SADC Programmes in the respective sectors. The Plan is to re-establish these Committees for all the sectors in a programme approach in 2011 so that the RISDP is understood and implemented as expected.  The main area of focus has been to develop National Implementation Action Plans to guide implementation and reporting on the progress made in each programme as outlined in the RISDP. The Committees meet quarterly to review the reports and get feedback from regional meetings attended and also to report on constraints encountered in the implementation of the SADC Programme at national level.

Regular reporting to the SADC NCP is necessary to ensure that the information on progress and constraints in achieving Swaziland’s objectives at the SADC region is conveyed to Government for the necessary support, decision and action as the case may be.

 SADC ECONOMIC INTEGRATION PROGRAMME

SADC has made it a priority to deepen regional integration as her core mandate. In so doing, over the past four years focus has been in the implementation of the SADC Trade Protocol in line with the targets set in the RISDP as a catalyst for accelerating the Economic Integration agenda and opening up the SADC wide market and beyond in Africa.

In 2010 decisions have been made by the SADC Council of Ministers and adopted by SADC Summit to complete preparatory work in the following aspects;

(i)    Consolidation of the SADC Free Trade Area (FTA) by addressing outstanding implementation issues and constraints towards effective implementation as well as urging the remaining Member States to take definitive steps to join the FTA. Swaziland is implementing the SADC FTA programme for opening up and this is facilitated through our cooperation agreement under SACU where for example tariffs are already down to zero as required in the SADC FTA. Some policies that are being developed by Swaziland towards ensuring that the FTA is effective. 
(ii)    Work towards the attainment of the SADC Customs Union (SADC CU) should continue. SADC Member states are working on a review and on a common understanding of the necessary conditions required for the promotion of regional growth and integration. Swaziland is addressing a number of policy measures and enabling legislation for the convergences required to support the establishment of the SADC CU. This will however, depend on our continued cooperation with SACU member states so that the transition to the wider SADC CU is smooth. 
(iii)    Simultaneously work towards the COMESA/East African Community/SADC Tripartite FTA programme whilst accelerating efforts in attaining the SADC CU. It is planned that a Tripartite Summit be held in April, 2011 to take decisions on the draft road map and agreements proposed. Swaziland supports this initiative as it opens up a wider market than the SADC FTA and it will lessens the hiccups of multiple memberships to three different CU. However, successful implementation of the Tripartite FTA will also depend on the ability to negotiate agreements that are being proposed and the various commitments in the programme.

It has been observed that due to divergences in economic conditions in member states and the need to maintain unity and cohesion of SADC, the SADC CU may be delayed. However, plans are that the principle of variable geometry would need to be applied where each Member State would join the SADC CU when it would reach the required state of readiness. Work is ongoing by a team of experts from all the Member States to define the parameters and benchmarks for the design of the SADC CU and modalities for its implementation. This work will build on technical preparations already accomplished in 2010. The SADC Council mandated that the work should be completed by December 2011 to pave way for negotiations amongst the member states for implementation.

STATUS OF RATIFICATION OF THE SADC PROTOCOL ON FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

The SADC Protocol on Finance and Investment (FIP) is one of the key instruments in facilitating the SADC integration process by creating a conducive environment for investment in the region. It deals with the finance, investment and macro-economic policy implications of Regional economic integration and compliments measures to promote intra-regional trade. It also seeks to accelerate economic growth, sustainable development and poverty reduction throughout the SADC region.

The SADC FIP was signed by all member states in August, 2008 and has since entered into force in August, 2010 after having been ratified by eleven SADC member states. Swaziland is yet to ratify the FIP as it was submitted to Parliament in 2009. Noting that Swaziland is already legally bound by the provisions of the Protocol already, consultations are on-going to commence the process of ratification in the current session of Parliament. The SADC NCP is hoping that by the time of 2011 SADC Summit, Swaziland would have joined all the SADC member states in ratifying the SADC FIP.

Alongside this process, the SADC NCP has convened key stakeholder meetings on the SADC FIP for planning and preparing a National Implementation Action plan to implement the Protocol. This process of consultation commenced with A National Stakeholder workshop in 2010 to introduce the Protocol and the areas of intervention and Annexes for cooperation. Following the Regional workshop in Botswana in July, 2010 a regional implementation plan has been completed and this will enable Swaziland to craft her own National implementation plan. It should also be noted that in most areas of intervention in the FIP, Swaziland is already implementing some of them as they are in the National plans for improving development and cooperation in Finance and Investment.

NATIONAL CONSULTATIONS ON THE SADC ECONOMIC INTEGRATION AGENDA

The SADC NCP will continue with regular consultations with the key stakeholders in Trade, Investment and Finance to facilitate implementation of this Agenda particularly the issues requiring implementation in the SADC FTA programme, SADC CU preparatory work and the process of establishing the proposed COMESA/EAC/SADC Tripartite FTA by defining specific interests and developing negotiations positions.

 SADC INFRASTRUCTURE SUPPORT FOR REGIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

The overall goal of the infrastructure support intervention in the SADC region is to ensure availability of a sufficient, integrated, efficient and cost effective infrastructure system and provision of sustainable services that will     support the SADC economic integration and sustain regional economic development, trade, investment and agriculture thus contributing to poverty reduction.

SADC INFRASTRUCTURE MASTER PLAN

Regarding the ongoing process of developing the SADC Infrastructure Master Plan, Swaziland has made comments and contributions towards the draft study report. This involves all infrastructure sub-sectors such as roads, railway, civil aviation, communications, energy, water, meteorology, tourism infrastructure, etc.
Some corridor projects identified by these sub-sectors in Swaziland will form part of the regional master and inform policy for the future process of infrastructure plans at national and regional level.

SOUTHERN CORRIDORS CLUSTER


To contribute effectively in the SADC Infrastructure Support for Regional Economic Integration a Southern Corridors Cluster involving Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland was proposed by Swaziland key stakeholders and the SADC NCP. This will allow the four countries to closely consider and deliberate on issues that are unique in their geographic locations in as far as infrastructure development within the context of the development corridors and the cross-border programme.  Regional coordination of the cluster will be handled by the SADC Secretariat and the first Southern Cluster meeting is proposed for three days on 21 to 24 March, 2011 in Swaziland. The key objective of this meeting is to discuss and facilitate joint planning and coordination of regional trade and transport facilitation between the four countries and in the region for implementation of infrastructure cross border projects along the designated corridors. This proposed Southern Cluster meeting compliments the inaugural meeting of the SADC Ministers of Infrastructure development held in June, 2010 where among other things a Road map was adopted for SADC infrastructure development to support regional economic integration.

The newly formed National Infrastructure Technical Committee comprising of stakeholders in the following sub-sectors Roads, Railway, Civil Aviation, Meteorology, Energy, Water, Communication and Tourism infrastructure meet quarterly to consider the SADC infrastructure development programme as it affects Swaziland. Initiatives as well as projects for infrastructure development have been identified and reviewed for implementation in the designated corridors with focus on methodology of implementation, financing of projects, project preparation and development, the importance of MoUs and cross border institutions as well as the operationalisation of the SADC Project Preparation Facility (PPDF).  The Committee is working on ensuring that Swaziland’s infrastructure projects are included in the SADC Projects Portfolio to attract funding from financing organisations.

SADC AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY


The Priority area in this sector at the SADC level is sustainable food security.

The main focus is to achieve sustainable access to safe and adequate food at all times by all people of SADC for an active and healthy life.

-    Food availability
-    Access to safe food
-    Nutritional value of food consumed
-    Disaster induced emergencies
-    Institutional framework
A Regional Food Reserve facility has been proposed together with the establishment of a financial reserve to cater for purchase of food in times of need. Swaziland and other countries are expected increase food production and strengthen national food reserves.
Implementation of the Dar es Salaam Declaration and Action Plan is expected to improve agriculture and food security in the region particularly in drought stricken areas.

 Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research and Development for Southern Africa (CCARDESA)


A new Regional research institution called the CCARDESA has been established to coordinate the implementation of the 15 year SADC Multi-Country Agricultural Productivity Programme and eventually all regional agricultural research and development programmes. The Charter outlining the various commitments by SADC and Member states has been signed by all SADC Ministers responsible for Agriculture. On behalf of Swaziland, the Minister of Agriculture, Hon. Clement Dlamini signed the CCARDESA Charter on 11 February, 2011 in a ceremony held in the Prime Minister’s office. This marked the commitment to implement the 15 year MAPP programme by Swaziland.

The SADC Regional Agricultural Policy

The policy is being formulated and each country is expected to prepare a national report synthesizing major constraints to national agricultural development and trade as well as documenting current agricultural policies and strategies. In Swaziland, the process has started with the preparation of the national synthesis report and a Stakeholder workshop was held in June, 2010 to discuss and finalise the draft policy issues.

SADC Environment, Forestry and Wildlife Programme

The National Technical Committee has been launched to oversee the implementation of the SADC Programme in these sub-sectors. The Committee will coordinate the implementation of the programme for intervention and cooperation agreed in the region.  Issues of the environment and the negative effects are fast becoming a priority to be addressed in the different sectors of the economy. For instance, the effects of Climate change on the environment and agricultural production in exacerbating the poverty situation, human health, wildlife, agriculture and other sectors of the economy. Other major issues in the programme include Implementation of the SADC Wildlife Law Enforcement Programme, issues for Negotiations and position for SD in the UN Framework for Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC COP 16), Domestication of the SADC Biotechnology and Biosafety management approach, Programme development on Biodiversity and Climate change among other issues.  

The SADC Poverty Reduction Framework

This regional framework is already being implemented in line with the national Poverty Reduction and Strategy Plan in the Ministry of Economic Planning. In August, 2010 the SADC Summit approved the establishment of a SADC Poverty Observatory to monitor progress made at regional level in the implementation of actions in the main priority areas of poverty reduction in the SADC region. 

SADC OVC/Youth Strategic Framework and Programme of Action

The SADC Council in 2009 approved the Strategic Framework and Programme of Action for addressing the SADC OVC and Youth programme. This programme marks the first deliberate effort to mount a regional response to the growing challenges of OVCs and Youth in SADC.
The Framework recognises the complexity of the matter and in that regard, has adopted a holistic and integrated approach to ensure comprehensive care and support among OVCs and Youth.

A National Technical Committee involving the key stakeholders dealing with issues of the OVCs and Youth in the country was launched in September, 2010. The initial mandate of this Committee is to develop a National Implementation Action Plan based on the SADC Strategic Framework and the Business Plan. Some members of this committee attended the first Regional meeting in South Africa for the development of the SADC Minimum Package of services and Psychological support framework for OVC/Youth in the region.

 SADC Policy level Meetings attended by the SADC NCP

 10th Meeting of the Ministerial Task Force on Regional Economic   Integration held in Windhoek, Namibia on 13 August, 2010

The Ministerial Task Force discussed the progress made in implementing the SADC FTA noting the need to address the outstanding implementation issues, including encouraging those Member States who do not belong to the SADC FTA to join it. They also stressed the need to consolidate the SADC FTA. It was noted that a work programme to create the necessary conditions for a smooth transition and facilitate a common understanding of the requirements for a SADC CU should be initiated by Member states and the SADC Secretariat.  A full understanding of the challenges and how they could be addressed is required in order to facilitate the development of an appropriate roadmap towards the Customs Union.

As part of the mandate of the Task Force, they considered the progress made in the process of establishing the COMESA/EAC/SADC Tripartite FTA as a significant step that would contribute to continental market integration in line with the objectives of the Abuja Treaty; broaden the regional market with potential opportunities to enhance trade and investment; and overcome the challenge of multiple and overlapping membership of some SADC Member states. The Task Force also discussed the proposal to be made to Summit on the arrangements for the COMESA/EAC/SADC Tripartite Summit to meet in the first quarter of 2011 to deliberate mainly on progress made on the issues of Regional Economic Integration.

As part of the important issues and crucial task of the Task Force in ensuring that the Regional Economic Integration is accelerated mainly through implementation of the SADC Trade Protocol, in they commissioned the 2010 Audit on the implementation of the Protocol. The Audit focussed on the following four main areas:

(i)    Implementation of the 2010 tariff phase downs;
(ii)    Implementation of the revised rules of origin;
(iii)    Update original tariff phase down offers to HS 2007
(iv)    Assess transparency of the SADC Protocol on Trade in Member States.
Recommendations made during this meeting for its improvement were incorporated in a revised report and submitted to the 2010 SADC Summit who then adopted the recommendations as presented for implementation.

 30th Jubilee Summit of SADC Heads of State and Government held in Windhoek, Namibia on 16 – 17 August, 2010


The 2010 SADC Summit Meeting of Heads of State and Government was held under the auspices of the SADC 30th Jubilee Celebrations in Windhoek, Namibia on 16 to 17 August, 2010.

His Majesty, King Mswati III led the Swaziland delegation to the Summit. The highlights of the 2010 Summit were the celebrations commemorating the 30 years of SADC existence as an organisation since it was established in 1980.The Summit was officially opened by the 2010 SADC Chairperson, His Excellency Joseph Kabila Kabange, President of the Democratic Republic of Congo. He paid tribute to, amongst others, the Founding Fathers of SADC, the Frontline States, and the visionary pan-African leaders some of who graced the Summit celebrations. The 2010 Summit was attended by all SADC member states and some former Heads of State of the SADC Member States.

In their meeting, Summit highlighted the achievements recorded by SADC in the last 30 years which include infrastructure development, the launch of the SADC Free Trade Area (FTA), preparations for the establishment of the SADC Customs Union, work towards the COMESA/EAC/SADC Tripartite FTA among others.

Summit elected His Excellency President Hifikepunye Pohamba of the Republic of Namibia and His Excellency President Jose Eduardo dos Santos of the Republic of Angola as Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of SADC respectively.

  High Level Policy Meeting on Informal Cross Border Trade in SADC held in Harare, Zimbabwe on 1 - 3 November 2010

One of the new initiatives of SADC as part of the Gender and Development programme to empower women in the region has been the development of a SADC Programme on Informal Cross Border Trade (ICBT). This programme started with a study by SADC Secretariat and UNIFEM to assess the extent of this king of trade in the region and the involvement of women. The study noted that Informal Cross Border Trade (ICBT) is vibrant in the SADC region as well as complex and its implications for national, regional and global economies cannot be underestimated.

In Africa the informal economy seems much larger than the formal economy in terms of share and impact (GDP, employment etc). ICBT is a survival strategy for the poor, in most instances women, who have been left vulnerable by floundering economies in Africa, the spiralling HIV/AIDS pandemic, food insecurity brought about by harsh climate conditions, conflicts, political instability and many other factors. Similarly, in Swaziland, the study noted that ICBT has made a significant contribution to the country’s economic development, through employment and wealth creation, poverty reduction and economic empowerment of women.

Swaziland was represented by officials from the Deputy Prime Minister’s office, the Ministry of Commerce and two women representatives from the Women Business Forum. As follow up to this meeting, the SADC NCP has convened a Technical Committee comprising of the key ministries and stakeholders to look into the SADC ICBT issues and programme of implementation at the national level.



SADC - European Union Regional Seminar held in Gaborone, Botswana on 16 to 17 November, 2010


The meeting was to deliberate on the cooperation and financing arrangements between SADC as an organisation and the European Union (EU) who are one of the major financiers of the SADC programmes in the RISDP.

The meeting was convened noting that that under the 10TH European Development Fund (EDF), the EU allocated Euro 116 million for the implementation of the SADC Strategy Paper and the SADC Regional Indicative Programme progress in implementation is slow.  As part of programming for the 10TH EDF funds, the seminar discussed the way forward for programming an improved SADC-EU Cooperation under the two SADC programmes. 

Extra-ordinary SADC Summit meeting and Official opening of the SADC Headquarters Building in Gaborone, Botswana on 20 November, 2010.

On the official opening and the Summit meeting on 20 November, 2010 it is recalled that at the last SADC Summit held in Windhoek, Namibia on 16-17 August, 2010, Summit noted that at their previous meeting in 2009 in the DRC, they had agreed to officially open the SADC House within a year from the date of occupation. The official opening as an event was highlighted by a glittering ceremony with celebrations to mark the historic event as part of the 30 years of achievement by SADC in owning a building. The ceremonial occasion was followed by a half day Summit meeting to deliberate on pressing issues of the region by the SADC Heads of State and Government. These included the progress in the political situation in some SADC countries and also to prepare for issues of discussion at the AU Summit meeting that was held in January, 2011. 




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