Gov Feeds

 Land, Climate and Energy

The kingdom of Eswatini remains committed to the five strategic objectives of the United Nations Convention to combat desertification. The country is working towards achieving Land degradation Neutrality by 2030 and address loss of biodiversity through ecosystem restoration and land rehabilitation. The target is to improve food security and restore ecosystem services that will benefit the rural poor.  

Land-based climate change adaptation and mitigation is complimentary to the Global transition towards renewable energy.

Forest, trees and agroforestry systems have an important role to play in both emission reduction and the mitigation of climate change. They play a key role in the necessary adaptation and mitigation processes.

They can also provide bio energy resources for the transition to a cleaner energy system, as emphasized by the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

There can be no effective climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and policies without involving the potential of forests, trees and agroforestry resources in integrative cross-sectoral approaches.

Bio-energy is part of a coherent approach across Forests, Trees Agroforestry that considers energy, poverty, climate change, and food and nutritional security through diverse production systems involving forest landscapes.  Bio-energy is key to improving the sustainability of the energy sector and achieving the Paris goals.

 

The role of forests and trees in mitigating climate change and capturing and storing carbon in biomass and soil is well recognized. Over the past few decades, a variety of schemes have been designed to leverage this mitigation potential. Today, with climate change impacts already having immediate, dramatic impacts on smallholder farmers, it is time to have a more balanced approach.

That’s why we are calling for a shift of focus from trees and mitigation to trees and adaptation. There is a need to explore what forests, trees and agro-forestry can bring to the adaptation of other sectors, particularly agriculture.

This coincides with a need to change perspectives, from a dominant global perspective centered on carbon, to a local perspective centered on what works for farmers in a particular place. There is growing understanding that tree planting initiatives for mitigation won’t happen unless they benefit farmers locally. Farmers, however, will plant trees if they see how they help their livelihood systems become more resilient to climate change.

Benefits and Role of forests:

  • Forests help stabilize the climate.They regulate ecosystems, protect biodiversity, play an integral part in the carbon cycle, support livelihoods, and can help drive sustainable growth.
  • To maximize the climate benefits of forests, we must keep moreforest landscapes intact, manage them more sustainably, and restore more of those landscapes which we have lost.
  • Halting the loss and degradation of natural systems and promoting their restoration have the potential tocontribute over one-third of the total climate change mitigation scientists say is required by 2030. 
  • Restoring 350 million hectaresof degraded land in line with the Bonn Challenge could sequester up to 1.7 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent annually.  
  • As the world debates how to operationalize the Paris Agreement, it is imperative that national leaders accelerate these actions. This can be done by subscribing to and implementing the New York Declaration on Forests, sustain forest climate financing, and include forest and land use in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement.
  • Nature – and in particular, trees and forests – can and must be part of the solution to keeping the climate within the globally accepted two-degree temperature increase limit.

The land plays a vital role in the carbon cycle, both by absorbing greenhouse gases and by releasing them into the atmosphere. This means our land resources are both part of the climate change problem and potentially part of the solution.

Improving how we manage the land could reduce climate change at the same time as it improves agricultural sustainability, supports biodiversity, and increases security. Tools such as integrated land use planning and sustainable land management treat land as a multifunctional asset, they can “provide multiple benefits from the same piece of land at the same time”. This means that such approaches can fulfill the aims of different multilateral environmental agreements at the same time, including the three Rio conventions: UNFCCC (climate), UNCCD (desertification) and UNCBD (biodiversity). According to literature “if we were to restore just 12% of all degraded agricultural land, we would boost smallholder income by USD 35-40 billion a year, feeding 200 million people per year within the next 14 years.

Land is a valuable and finite resource that provides a wide range of goods and services to society. Both the ability of land managers and the capacity of the land to provide goods such as food, bioenergy and clean water become more difficult as the population continues to grow and climate variability increases. This raises questions over how the multiple demands placed on land can be managed both now and into the future. Whilst the importance of land to national economies appears obvious, in recent years numerous policies and planning trajectories, with competing and contradictory implications for land management, have emerged.

Greater policy coherence among the three sectors (water, energy and agriculture) is critical in moving to a sustainable and efficient use of resources. The nexus approach can enhance understanding of the interconnectedness of the sectors and strengthen coordination among them. But it requires a major shift in the decision-making process towards taking a holistic view and developing institutional mechanisms to coordinate the actions of diverse actors and strengthen complementarities and synergies among the three sectors.

Access to energy is a universal issue – and one which impacts both people and nature.

Improving access to clean, reliable and affordable energy will help sustainable development, decent livelihoods and provide basic services for the poor — mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia where more than 3 billion people suffer from energy poverty.

To help accelerate the process of achieving a world powered by 100% renewable energy by 2050, it is critical to engage with key governments around the world to encourage them to agree to take steps to end energy poverty by 2030. The essence of this strategy is to demonstrate that there are viable, sustainable energy access solutions for energy-poor people in developing countries – and to encourage these solutions to be replicated and scaled up in different areas.

This can help build a world where countries are committed to focusing on energy access and taking a renewable energy / low carbon path initiatives.

STATEMENT BY THE MINISTER FOR AGRICULTURE, HON. JABULANI MABUZA

AT THE SIGNING CEREMONY OF A GRANT FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN

07 AUGUST 2019

PROGRAMME DIRECTOR

 

HON. MINISTER FOR ECONOMIC PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

YOUR EXCELLENCY THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF JAPAN AND YOUR DELEGATION

PRINCIPAL SECRETARIES

GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

DISTINGUISHED LADIES AND GENTLEMEN

It is an honour and a privilege for me to be part of this significant signing ceremony. On behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture, may I take this opportunity to express our profound gratitude to the Government and the people of Japan for this kind gesture that is being extended to the country.

The agriculture sector is at the centre of the national economic recovery initiatives espoused in the Government Strategic Roadmap and requires substantial capital investment to facilitate growth. The equipment to be received through this grant that is being signed here today will go a long way in helping our farming community to realize their goals of improved production and productivity.

Due to various reasons, agriculture has evolved to rely heavily on mechanization. The Government is facing serious shortages of mechanized tillage equipment to provide services to farmers, particularly the smallholders who have limited resources to purchase their own equipment. The smallholder farmers form a majority and on aggregate, hold a larger portion of land. They rely on the tractor hire service that is provided by government. It is in this regard that as we develop our sector, we cannot leave the smallholder farmer behind. The Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini supports these farmers because they play an important role in ensuring food security and poverty reduction through small-scale commercial agriculture.

 May I make an undertaking that the tractors that will be received through this grant will be used to serve the needs of the farming community.

This grant has come at an opportune time when the Ministry is spearheading the implementation of a robust strategy that seeks to grow the economy through increased export-oriented production and agro-processing.

This strategy involves all stakeholders in the sector and we are optimistic that the inclusive approach will lead to the successful implementation and attainment of the desired targets.

Programme Director, Ladies and gentlemen, let me conclude by reiterating our gratitude to the Government and the people of Japan for the assistance. We look forward to a continuous working relationship that will benefit both countries and lead to the development of the citizens. Once again, thank you for your kind and valuable assistance.

Thank you!

SPEECH BY THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, HONOURABLE JABULANI MABUZA DURING THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF LOMAHASHA DIPPING TANK NO. 204 IN THE LUBOMBO REGION UNDER LOMAHASHA SUB STATION ON THE 1st AUGUST 2019

 

  • MASTER OF CEREMONIES
  • YOUR ROYAL HIGHNESSES
  • CHIEFS
  • R.A LUBOMBO REGION
  • HONOURABLE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
  • PRINCIPAL SECRETARY
  • INDVUNA YENKHUNDLA
  • INKHUNDLA COUNCIL
  • GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
  • THE MEDIA
  • SECURITY
  • DISTINGUISHED GUESTS
  • LADIES AND GENTLEMEN

GREETINGS TO EVERYONE.

IT IS AN HONOUR AND PRIVILEGE TO BE INVITED TO OFFICIATE IN THIS GREAT AND IMPORTANT EVENT OF THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF LOMAHSHA DIPPING TANK NO.204 HERE IN THE LUBOMBO REGION UNDER LOMAHASHA CHIEFDOM.

YOUR PRESENCE IS VERY MUCH APPRECIATED AND I AM COGNISANT OF THE FACT THAT YOU HAVE LEFT OTHER IMPORTANT DUTIES TO BE WITH US HERE AND BE WITNESSES OF THE GREAT EVENT.

IT IS SO HUMBLING TO SEE THE GREAT INITIATIVE YOU HAVE TAKEN IN SEEING THIS PROJECT A SUCCESS THROUGH THE ASSISTANCE OF THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND WHICH IS UNDER THE MINISTRY OF TINKHUNDLA ADMINISTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT, WORKING WITH MICROPROJECT UNDER THE MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC PLANNING AS THE IMPLEMENTING AGENT. IT IS WORTH MENTIONING THAT GOVERNMENT HAS ALWAYS UNDERTAKEN TO FUND SUCH INITIATIVES OF DEVELOPMENT ESPECIALLY IN THE RURAL AREAS. TODAY IS AN OPPORTUNE TIME TO APPRECIATE YOUR EFFORTS AND AT THE SAME TIME TO THANK HIS MAJESTY GOVERNMENT FOR HER CONTINUED ASSISTANCE IN IMPROVING THE LIVELIHOOD OF HER PEOPLE.

LUBOMBO PROTECTION ZONE

THIS IS MY FIRST TIME TO OFFICIALLY OPEN A DIP TANK IN THIS ZONE – THE LUBOMBO PROTECTION ZONE (LIHAWU LEKUVIKELA LIVE KULESIFO SEMLOMO NEMASONDVO). I HAVE BEEN INFORMED THAT MANY YEARS AGO THIS ZONE WAS A FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE INFECTED ZONE. THE LAST OUTBREAK OF FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE WAS IN 2001 WHERE MANY FARMERS LOST THEIR ANIMALS, WHICH WERE CULLED DUE TO THE DISEASE. THE COUNTRY WILL FOREVER BE GRATEFUL TO YOU FOR THE SACRIFICE AND COOPERATION DURING THE OUTBREAK.

IN 2010 THE COUNTRY ACHIEVED INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNISED FREEDOM FROM FMD AND TODAY IT IS ONE OF VERY FEW COUNTRIES RECOGNISED BY THE WORLD ORGANIZATION FOR ANIMAL HEALTH (OIE) AS ‘FREE OF THE FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE VIRUS WITHOUT VACCINATION’. THIS IS THE HIGHEST STATUS AND IT ENABLED YOU TO CHANGE FROM AN INFECTED ZONE TO A PROTECTION ZONE AND TRADE IN ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS BETWEEN THIS ZONE AND THE REST OF THE COUNTRY RESUMED. THIS ACHIEVEMENT COMES WITH VARIOUS RESPONSIBILITIES AND PLEASE ALLOW ME TO REMIND US ALL ABOUT OUR RESPONSIBILITIES:

  1. THE BOUNDARY FENCE / CORDON FENCES

BOTH CORDON FENCES BELONG TO ESWATINI. THE 100M SPACE IN BETWEEN IS ESWATINI TERRITORY AND NOT NO- MAN’S LAND AS OTHERS SOMETIMES CLAIM. THE PURPOSE OF THE SPACE IS TO ENSURE THAT OUR LIVESTOCK AND OUR NEIGHBOUR’S LIVESTOCK DO NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH EACH OTHER. OUR NEIGHBOUR STILL HAS MAJOR CHALLENGES WITH DISEASES SUCH AS FMD AND THAT IS THE REASON WE WANT OUR ANIMALS TO REMAIN TOTALLY SEPARATED FROM THE NEIGHBOURS’ ANIMALS. FOR THIS REASON, I AGAIN CALL- TO- ACTION ALL STAKEHOLDERS, INCLUDING YOU THE FARMERS, GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, CORDON GUARDS, UMBUTFO ESWATINI DEFENCE FORCE (UEDF) AND THE ROYAL ESWATINI POLICE (REP) TO GUARD THE FENCE JEALOUSLY TO PROTECT THE COUNTRY’S TERRITORY AND RESOURCES. LET US ALL WORK TOGETHER TO MAINTAIN THE FENCES AND KEEP AWAY INVADERS.

   

  1. THE GREENLINE/ FORMALLY RED LINE

THE DOUBLE FENCE LINE THAT SEPARATES YOUR ZONE (LPZ) FROM THE REST OF ESWATINI SHOULD ALSO CONTINUE TO BE MAINTAINED. THERE SHOULD BE NO ENCROACHMENT TO BOTH FENCES AND THE 10M SPACE SEPARATING THE FENCES. GOVERNMENT WILL CONTINUE TO MAINTAIN ALL THE FENCES, SINCE SUCH INFRASTRUCTURE BECOMES VERY HANDY IN TIMES OF EMERGENCY. THE GATES MAPHIVENI, LUKHULA AND SIVUNGE, REMAIN FULLY OPEN FOR TRADE IN ANIMALS AND PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN THEREFORE THERE IS ABSOLUTELY NO NEED TO CUT THE GREEN LINE. 

  1. DIPPING ATTENDANCE

I AM INFORMED THAT IN THIS ZONE, ANIMALS, INCLUDING CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOATS COME TO THE DIP TANK EVERY WEEK THROUGHOUT THE YEAR.  IN FACT YOUR REPRESENTATIVES HAVE ALREADY LAMENTED THIS FACT. THE PURPOSE FOR THIS INTENSIVE INSPECTION AND SURVEILLANCE IS TO ENSURE THAT OCCURRENCE OF FMD IS DIAGNOSED OR DETECTED AND ERADICATED AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE. SUCH A STATUS CAN ONLY CHANGE IF OUR NEIGHBOUR WOULD TAKE STEPS TO ERADICATE FMD FROM HER TERRITORY THAT IS IN CONTACT WITH ESWATINI.

  1. STOCK CARDS

TO HELP FARMERS WITH RECORD KEEPING, THE MINISTRY DESIGNED STOCK CARDS. THESE CARDS ARE AFFORDABLE, IN FACT THEY CAN BE PHOTOCOPIED. FARMERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO ALWAYS BRING THE STOCK CARDS TO THE DIP TANK FOR UPDATING PURPOSES AND ALSO TO HELP IDENTIFY ANIMALS THAT ARE MISSING OR SICK. THE STOCK CARD ALSO CAPTURES IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE KRAAL IN GENERAL AND ABOUT EACH ANIMAL – WHETHER IT IS BIRTH, DEATH, TRANSFER OR WHATEVER HAPPENS TO THAT ANIMAL.

  1. REPATRIATION OF CATTLE THAT CROSS INTO THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRY

MAY I ALSO TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO REMIND OUR FARMERS AND OFFICIALS ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF FOLLOWING PROPER CHANNELS WHEN REPATRIATING STOLEN CATTLE. ONCE RECOVERED THE ANIMALS SHOULD BE TAKEN DIRECTLY TO THE QUARANTINE STATION AT MAPHIVENI WHERE THEY ARE KEPT FOR 30 DAYS. DURING THE QUARANTINE PERIOD ALL THE REPATRIATED CATTLE ARE TESTED FOR EXPOSURE TO FMD.  GOVERNMENT ALWAYS STANDS READY TO ASSIST WITH TRANSPORTATION OF THE REPATRIATED CATTLE FROM THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRY DIRECTLY TO THE QUARANTINE STATION.

LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT – COMMERCIALIZATION

  • OUR LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT POLICY ADVOCATES FOR COMMERCIALIZATION OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION, WHICH IN SIMPLE TERMS MEANS PRODUCING LIVESTOCK FOR THE PURPOSE OF SELLING TO THE MARKETS TO MAKE MONEY. WE WANT OUR FARMERS TO PRODUCE LIVESTOCK IN THE QUALITY AND NUMBERS REQUIRED BY THE MARKETS AND MAKE MONEY. THE MARKETS ARE OPEN AND INCLUDE BOTH LOCAL AND EXPORT MARKETS.
  • LIVESTOCK FARMERS SHOULD AIM AT MAKING REASONABLE AMOUNT OF MONEY AT LEAST TWENTY THOUSAND EMALANGENI IN A YEAR. FOR A LIVESTOCK FARMER TO BE CONSIDERED SELF-EMPLOYED SHOULD SELL AT LEAST:
  • THREE HERD OF CATTLE AT E 6700-00 EACH
  • TWENTY GOATS AT E1000-00 EACH
  • FOUR HUNDRED INDIGENOUS CHICKENS AT E 50-00 EACH

THESE NUMBERS ARE JUST THE MINIMUM VOLUMES.  

 

THE DIPPING TANK FACILITY

DISTINGUISHED GUESTS, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, COMING BACK TO THE BEAUTIFUL FACILITY -WE HAVE SEEN A DIPPING FACILITY FOR CATTLE SHEEP AND GOATS ,TOILETS AND A VETERINARY OFFICE AND MORE SO THE WATER SUPPLY. SO I HOPE YOU WILL ALL BE BRINGING YOUR STOCK FOR DIPPING AS THAT IS THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THE FACILITY; TO ELIMINATE EXTERNAL PARASITES WHICH INCLUDES TICKS AND WE KNOW THAT TICKS CAUSE DISEASES IN OUR LIVESTOCK. SO IN ORDER FOR OUR LIVESTOCK TO STAY FREE FROM DISEASES WE HAVE TO BRING THEM FOR DIPPING ON DIPPING DAYS.

MAY I NOW TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO APPEAL TO EVERYONE IN THE COUNTRY TO REFRAIN FROM STARTING VELD FIRES. ON A DAILY BASIS THERE ARE A NUMBER OF WILD UNCONTROLLED FIRES THAT END UP DESTROYING PROPERTIES WORTH MILLIONS OF EMALANGENI. IN ADDITION, THESE FIRES END UP DESTROYING THE ROOTS AND SEEDS AS IT HAPPENS WHEN THE GRASS IS VERY DRY WHICH GRADUALLY LEADS TO DESERTIFICATION AND LAND DEGRADATION AS THE GRASS WILL NO LONGER GROW IN SUCH AREAS.

BEFORE I CLOSE, MAY I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO THANK THE DIP TANK COMMITTEE MEMBERS FOR THEIR TIRELESS EFFORTS AND THE ROLE THEY PLAYED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THIS FACILITY, WITHOUT THEIR EFFORTS THIS DAY WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN A SUCCESS, SO WE APPRECIATE YOUR ENDEAVOURS. CAN WE GIVE THEM A ROUND OF APPLAUSE.

 HAVING SAID THAT MAY I APPEAL TO THE COMMUNITY TO MAKE SURE THAT THIS FACILITY IS WELL KEPT AND WELL LOOKED AFTER SO THAT IT MAY LAST LONG AND BE USED BY GENERATIONS TO COME.

CONCLUSION

IT IS NOW MY HONOUR AND PRIVILEGE TO DECLARE AND ANNOUNCE THAT LOMAHASHA DIPPING TANK NO.240 IS NOW OFFICIALLY OPENED.

I THANK YOU, MAY GOD BLESS US ALL.

SPEECH

 

BY

 

THE HONOURABLE MINISTER FOR AGRICULTURE,

 

ON THE OCCASION OF

 

LOAN GUARANTEE SIGNING CEREMONY

 

FOR

 

NEDBANK & AFD

 

17THAPRIL 2019


 

Master of Ceremonies

Honourable Ministers

Deployment Partners

Government Officials

Members of Parliament

Distinguished Guests

ESWADE and NAMBoard Staff

Ladies and Gentlemen

 

Because agriculture remains a significant contributor to economic growth, The ENAIP was identified as a critical initiative to continuously drive growth for the Eswatini economy.The Eswatini National Agricultural Investment Plan (ENAIP) is aimed at:

(i) Increasing growth of agricultural productivity and production and

(ii) Diversification of agricultural production and overall consumption. This plan is based on agricultural investments for the period 2015-2025.

Program Director, Ladies and Gentlemen, the Kingdom of Eswatini has fully embraced the 11th EDF National Indicative Programme (NIP) 2014-2020 for co-operation between the Kingdom of Eswatini and European Union (EU).

I am delighted that one of the focal sectors in the 11th EDF NIP is on Agriculture with emphasis on food security.

The EU’s intervention in this sector seeks to address the institutional, production and marketingchallenges in the agriculture sector.

The Ministry is currently implementing two projects under the 11th EDF i.e. The High Value Crop &Horticulture Project(HVCHP) and the Water Harvesting Small & Medium Dams Project (WHDP). There is also a livestock project currently in the pipeline.

These projects are geared towards reducing poverty by assisting communitieswith production &produce marketing.

Communities would not be able to produce without funding hence the partnership between NEDBANK and The French Development Agency (AFD) will go a long way in facilitating access to funding for farmers in the projects implemented by the Ministry under the 11th EDF.

Not only will the partnership we are to witness today facilitate access to funding for farmers, but it will also benefit SMMEs in sectors other than Agriculture, which are also largely are as a result of the robust agri industry.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Ministry of Finance for making it possible for International Financial Institutions like AFD to partner with local financial institutions like NEDBANK and hope that the relationship between the two institutions will bear fruits that will transform SMMEs and ultimately the economy of the country.

Allow me again Programme Director to applaud the Ministries two parastatals - ESWADE and NAMBoard, who are implementing the HVCHP for their tireless efforts in working towards achieving a food secure nation. As their parent Ministry, we pledge continued support as they both deliver on their mandates.

In conclusion, I would like to thank my colleagues for gracing this event (Minister for Economic Planning& Development, Minister for Commerce Industry and Trade and Minister for Finance) and I hope the partnership we are about to witnesswill help transform the economy of the country. With that, I bless the signing of the Loan Guarantee between the AFD and NEDBank.

I thank you all and may God bless us all.

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