In Swaziland, the School Health Program was established in 1976 under public health activities by both the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education. The mandate of the program is to provide health services to in school children and schools. In all these years, the program has been funded by government with partners.
The Ministry of Health is cognisant of the fact that the health status of any country’s population is a fundamental criterion by which development process should be measured. Integral to the country’s policies is the school health programme

4 School Health

The school health programme was established in 1976. School Health is based in the four regions and housed by the Ministry of Education and Training (REOs). It manned by a multidisciplinary team and the reporting structures are dual in that they report to MoET and MOH. The major beneficiaries of the school health programme are the school children studying in pre-school, primary and secondary education and to some extent their households and the community.

School Health programme if effectively implemented can help in addressing to some extent the hunger (malnutrition), reduction in child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases and ensuring environmental sustainability being the major challenges of Sustainable Development Goals.

Table 2.5. Dashboard on Key Performance Indicators for School Health

Thematic area Indicator name Baseline Target Quarterly Actual output/outcome Status (Highlight colour ) Reasons for not achieving
Health education sessions # schools with health education IEC materials -

200 schools

IEC materials (booklets and posters, Flip charts) developed In the process of developing booklets with MoET an NCC
# health education training sessions conducted - 200 schools 210 sessions
Mental Health # children screened - 15, 000 learners 25,000Children screened

# children referred

- 250 92 Children referred
Eye care # children screened for vision impairments -

15, 000


16 000 Children screened
# children referred - 250 35 Children referred
Ear Nose throat

# children screened

Hearing impairments

15, 000 35,00 Children screened

# children referred

250 400 Children referred
Oral Health # children screened 15, 000 20,000 Children screened
# children referred 250 40 Children referred


# of children moderately malnourished - 15 000 21 000 Children screened
# of children referred - 250 57 Children referred

Environmental Health

# schools inspected

- 200

300 Schools inspected

# schools with WASH activities - 100 300 Schools with WASH facilities
# schools with follow-up inspections - 300 87 Schools with follow up inspections
Protective services # eligible children Immunized - 400 120 Children immunized
# defaulters immunized - 400 300 Defaulters immunized
# children dewormed - 400 466 Children dewormed
# of children given Vitamin A 400 130 given Vitamin A

Disease conditions

# children treated - 10 000 13 00 Children treated
# children referred - 250 387 Children referred


Programme Manager Mildred Xaba



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